Ethical Issues In Conducting Forensic Evaluation

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Ethical Issues In Conducting Forensic Evaluation

Forensic assessment differs from forensic assessment in the respect that in clinical assessment the patient mostly poses hi/her own questions regarding diagnosis, progress and treatment etc, while in forensic evaluation the patient himself doesn’t come to the psychiatrist, instead he/ she is ordered by the Court or advised by their attorney to assist the psychiatric evaluation in their legal proceedings.

These type of circumstances create a controversial relationship between the forensic psychiatrist and the evaluee. So it is in this type of situation that a clear note of ethical values comes in handy and is always good to be kept in mind.

Ethical Issues In Conducting Forensic Evaluation

Confidentiality: The first and foremost ethical value which should be taken care of is an individual’s right of privacy. It is necessary on the psychiatrist to maintain patient’s confidentiality under all circumstances while performing an evaluation. But of course this rule too should be followed within the legal limits and confidentiality is only kept as far as the law allows.

Apart from that any report or information is subjected to the rule of confidentiality and any unnecessary or harmful disclosure is strictly prohibited.

Consent: When possible, the informed consent of the subject to be evaluated should always be obtained. There are exceptions such as when the evaluee is not competent for giving the consent, In case of emergency treatment or short notice legal orders etc. Is such cases however the evaluee should be informed of the nature of emergency, jurisdiction and the Court orders.

In the situations where the evaluee refuses to co-operate despite the Court orders, it should be mentioned in the repot and given to the proper authorities. The psychiatrist however should be aware of the evaluee’s right to refuse evaluation in these cases.

Objectivity and honesty: As part of a legal jurisdiction system, a forensic psychiatrist may have to deal with the prosecution or the defense in aces. So naturally in any circumstances the psychiatrist is always expected to stay neutral and not apply any of his/her own beliefs and principles in the process.

The psychiatrist should strictly stick to technical application of forensic therapies. In many cases the psychiatrist may also be asked to deal with bot the parties. In such case the sharing of information and what to be shared should be dealt with strict honesty and objectivity under all circumstances.

Qualification: In forensic evaluations, it is considered unethical for a psychiatrist of lower qualification to conduct evaluation on any subject requiring higher level of qualification and this should be avoided.

The Average Salary And Career Prospects Of Forensic Psychologist

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Like all careers, progression in the forensic psychology field follows a structural system but developments are a regular part of this structure and one should keep up to date with these.

While talking on the salary, starting as a training student you can earn from £24,250 to £27,415. The bottom scale should obviously be expected as a new entrant. The additional amount differs on the specific job being offered. After being qualified as a complete and licensed forensic psychologist, you can earn as much as £32,945 to £39,535 working in any prison setting. And this amount still get better for senior psychologists up to £46,100.

These are particularly for forensic psychologists working with the prison inmates. Psychologists working with NHS have more or less the same salaries. Salaries differ in private healthcare as well. But the minimum acceptable salary is £30,000 in the start. Working with the NHS can come with further benefits of annual leave entitlement, good sickness support and competitive pensions. These all are however hugely based on your experience and ability. If an individual is willing to relocate, more opportunities can be offered. As a qualified and experienced psychologist, you can always progress into management or policy developer or in the role of delivery of services.


Senior psychologists’ posts include the advancement of psychologists to a principal level or a manager in the research group over criminal acts.

The flexibility of moving from prison services to NHS are also available. In the NHS, the job prospects include supporting the forensic wards and treatment leads for therapy initiatives. A senior psychologist with vat experience can work as head of management in all these processes.

The possibility of freelance work and self-employment is also always present for a forensic psychologist. Moving in to consultancy in the forensic context can be more satisfying and beneficial for some individuals. But this requires a lot of experience and a complete and thorough understanding of demands and techniques of this field. Financial management, time management and marketing skills may as well be required for working on your own.

In this field, there are much more female forensic psychologists than males, making up to 64% of all the forensic psychologists available. Experience earns a lot for forensic psychologists. A forensic psychologists having an experience of 5 to 10 years can expect to earn as much as $59,000 per year. While those with 10 to 20 years’ experience can expect as high as $84,000.

Difference Between Psychological Testing and Assessment

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Difference Between Psychological Testing and Assessment

The performance or behavior of an individual is measured in psychology through a systematic process. This procedure is known as psychological testing. The measuring system and a scale provide the exact result that shows the type of behavior of a person. The process of psychological testing los angeles measures the behavior of whether a single or the distinctive people at a time.


By using numerical scale, you can easily measure the behavior of any person. In most of the countries, psychological test is considered as a perfect process to get the info about mentality of any person.

The process of psychological testing los angeles is measured with the stages of A, B and C on the measuring scale. These stages show about different conditions of a human behavior. For instance, the C stage shows the worst behavior. However, the B is better than C and A is better than B. In psychology, the standard way of measuring human behavior is through the test. Difference Between Psychological Testing and Assessment

A general psychologist can perform this test on every individual. They also don’t require higher fee for this test. It is necessary for every individual to visit a psychologist for this test. In this way, they can get info about their behavior.

The collection of relevant data by using psychological tests through a process is known as psychological assessment. This assessment is performed through interviews, in-depth interviews and behavior observations. A person goes through from any of these suitable processes for the assessment of their behavior.

The major difference between testing and assessment in psychology is rechecking. The assessed data is rechecked as compared to the tested info. Any psychologist los angeles can perform assessment by collecting tests for measuring behavior. Sometimes, the assessment with the testing becomes necessary for a patient.

The interpretation and analysis of data are most important steps in the psychological assessment. The psychological assessment los angeles can provide you accurate and precise results. In this way, you can make a clear judgment about whether you behave normally or not. The psychological assessment is an important part in the field of criminal psychology.

To check the mentality and behavior of a criminal, this assessment is performed in the psychology labs. This assessment can tell psychologist about the good or bad mental health condition of a criminal. There is not any other best way in psychology to measure the human behavior and mentality.

Psychological Assessments – Personality, Forensic, Career, Custody

When To Visit A Dentist & Signals

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children with tooth brushes

Yes, it’s true that you brush your teeth twice a day. But that doesn’t guarantee that you’re not going to still have issues. Your teeth is one of the most important organs in your body. Anything that doesn’t go well with it might end up putting you in a tight condition. Here are some of the signs to show that its time for you to visit your Coral gables cosmetic dentist.

Bad breath

Occasional bad breath is normal, and can be removed by just brushing regularly. But if you have consistent bad breath that refuses to go, you will need to visit a dentist in coral gables. This is because bad breath that refuses to go can be as a result of mouth disease or infection that needs serious attention before it can be removed.

Bleeding gum

Bleeding from the gums can be as a result of hard brushing or when you changed your tooth brushing regimen. But if you get the bleeding without changing your brushing regimen, it might be an early sign of a serious gum disease or gingivitis. You should see your Coral gables dentist immediately.

Cracked teeth

Most times, hairline cracked teeth might not be visible to the eye, but can become very painful if not properly treated. If you see signs of cracked tooth, it is important that you see your dentist coral gables fl immediately to check out what might be wrong with you.

Inflamed gum

If you found out that your gums is inflamed, you may have to visit your dentist. Inflamed gums are usually caused by hardened plaques, which has developed after a while. Most inflammation in the gums is caused by periodontitis or gingivitis. If these are not treated quickly, it can lead to tooth loss.


Its almost impossible to get rid of toothache. It can be annoying, painful and very troublesome. There is no way you can ever ignore it. Toothache can be as a result of so many issues including, infections, inflammations or tooth decay. Even though it may not be visible to your eyes, it is surely growing somewhere down there. This is why you need to see your coral gables dentistry immediately. Even if the toothache disappears, you should still see your dentist, so that the roots of the problem can found.

brush couple

Be attentive with what is happening to your body, including your teeth. The earlier you get it attended to, the safer you are. Dentists in coral gables are specifically trained to work on teeth. They will surely help you get a quick solution.

Looking for a dentist near you? Please check out the best dentist in Coral Gables

Mental Health Effects Of Alcoholism

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Alcoholism Effects

The first thing that comes to mind when you talk about the consequences of alcohol abuse are car crashes or cirrhosis of the liver. But the problem is far deeper than that. Most of all because alcohol abuse and alcoholism are twin brothers and denial plays an important role in alcoholism. Most often friends or family have to convince an alcoholic to seek medical treatment. And alcoholism is strongly linked to mental health problems.

Many people start drinking to mask problems like depression or anxiety. Sometimes people drink to forget about failure and on a short term it has a temporary positive impact on people’s mood. But on a long term it has terrible consequences. Alcohol is a depressant. It means alcohol can disrupt the delicate balance of chemicals and processes in our brain.

A drink can make you feel more confident and less anxious and that happens because alcohol is depressing that part of the brain associated with inhibition. But if drink more the negative effects will take over. You could easily become anxious, aggressive, depressive or angry. If you use alcohol to improve your mood you started a vicious circle. That’s because it may help you on a short term. Then you need more and your performance at work is affected, your relationship is affected and the depression goes deeper. And then you drink more.

This Video Will Make You Think

The biggest problem with alcohol drinking is the after-effects. After using alcohol to deal with depression and anxiety you might feel much worse when the effect has worn off.

Alcohol helps people lose their inhibitions and when they lose their inhibition they are very likely to do things they wouldn’t do otherwise like killing or harming themselves. Extreme levels of alcohol can cause ‘psychosis’ that involve delusions and hallucinations. Also when very heavy drinkers stop drinking they are very likely to experience ‘delirium tremens’ an acute delirious state with symptoms like confusion and body tremors.

Large quantities of alcohol can damage your memory. After heavy drinking you can wake up next day unable to remember where you’ve been or what you did. That’s because large quantities of alcohol can stop the brain to add things to your “memory store”. In this “black out” or short-term memory loss the brain cells are not damaged. But if you keep drinking heavily for a long time you can experience long-term effects on your memory. And you might have trouble remembering where you been or what you did even on days when you didn’t drink at all.

There is evidence that people who consume large quantities of alcohol are more likely to develop mental illnesses like depression.

Now it is very important to differentiate light alcohol drinking from heavy drinking. Moderate alcohol consumption can improve health while heavy drinking can lead only to problems.

Also if you have some mental health problems as well as alcohol problems you should let your neurologist in aventura florida know about it and have a specialist assistance of a neurologist for treatment or deeper understanding. Because alcohol problems can be the cause of mental health problems or it can be the other way around. Mental health problems can cause alcohol problems too.

Alcohol problems are common among people with mental health problems but it doesn’t mean the problems were caused by heavy drinking it could be the other way around.

Eating Cheese to Improve Your Health

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Healthy Cheese for you

Cheese has received a lot of bad press for being high in fat and calories. But the truth is, cheese is a great source of protein, calcium and magnesium, along with other important nutrients. The trick is to know which cheese to put on your list. In this article, we’ll talk about the health benefits of cheese and which varieties are the healthiest.

Health Benefits of Cheese

Not counting cheese in a can, all cheeses will provide benefits to your health. From cavity prevention to cancer prevention, cheese packs a nutritional wallop.

  • Nutrient Dense. Cheese contains many essential nutrients in high concentrations. Calcium, vitamin A, phosphorus, riboflavin, and many others. It is also considered a quality protein source.
  • Dental Health. Because of the high amount of calcium and low amount of lactose, cheese helps build strong teeth. The low lactose level prevents the harm to teeth that other foods can cause.
  • Preventing Cancer. Substances known as CLA (Conjugated Linoleic Acid) and Sphingolipids are proven to be useful in cancer prevention. Both are contained in cheese.
  • Strong Bones. A high amount of calcium combined with vitamin B makes cheese a good source for strengthening bones in children, the elderly, during pregnancy and when lactating.
  • Increased Bone Density. Osteoporosis is caused by a lack of calcium. Cheese is a great way to get the protein and calcium needed to combat this disease.

The Healthiest Cheeses

To get all the wonderful health benefits of cheese without adding a lot of fat and calories, look at our top picks for the healthiest cheeses.

  • Feta Cheese. Naturally low in calories and fat, feta carries four grams of protein and about 70 calories in a one ounce serving. Use it in salads or try it with sweet fruits. Look for Greek feta to avoid lactose. For pregnant women, use pasteurized feta to avoid Listeria.
  • String Cheese. Made from skin mozzarella, it’s a high protein and low calorie snack in a portable form. Be sure you buy a variety that’s 100% mozzarella.
  • Parmesan Cheese. Parmesan has only 110 calories per ounce, with a rich flavor. Shaved or grated, it can be tossed in a salad, sprinkled on pasta or eaten sliced with apples. Parmesan can be high in sodium, so be sure to read the label.
  • Swiss Cheese. Swiss cheese has more phosphorus than other soft cheeses, which is a key element for bone health. It can be eaten sliced, melted into dishes or as a snack with fruit.
  • Cottage Cheese. There’s a reason dieters are so fond of cottage cheese. For 20 calories, you get three grams of protein and a healthy dose of calcium. It can be eaten with fruit, veggies, in recipes or by itself.
  • Ricotta Cheese. The smooth texture and sweet taste of ricotta make it a very versatile cheese. Among dairy products, it places second for most calcium and it’s a low sodium food. It also contains high protein and selenium, an important antioxidant. You can use it in a variety of dishes and desserts.

Most Commonly Used Alternative Medicine Therapies

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Alternative Medicine Therapies

Every year more and more people are discovering the use of alternative medicine therapies to improve and maintain their health, and to treat and manage diseases and conditions. Polls have found that 40% of the US population regularly use some type of alternative medicine. This is often done in conjunction with traditional medical treatment.

There are many different forms of alternative medicine practices available. Many have been found to be beneficial and are backed by research. There is a great deal of documentation and literature available to the public and health practitioners. Ask medical questions when considering any form of alternative medicine and seek medical advice before beginning.

Homeopathic Therapies

Homeopathic medicine has its origins in Europe and is based on the belief that “like cures like”. This bears a remarkable similarity to the concept of vaccinations in mainstream medicine. Practitioners believe that disease can be cured by dispensing diluted minute amounts of naturally occurring substances. Homeopathic medicine is not currently regulated by the federal government, however the millions of people benefiting from its use imply its effectiveness.

Natural Supplements

Natural supplementation has been the focus of numerous research studies. This group includes vitamins, minerals and herbal remedies. As study results are released, more and more people are turning to natural supplementation to achieve and maintain good health. In the United States, the use of fish oil as a preventative for heart disease is common. Digestive complaints may be treated with ginger or mint. All natural supplements can have interactions with prescription and over the counter medications, so before beginning ask a online doctor if they are safe with the medications you currently take.


The use of acupuncture has been an integral part of Chinese medicine for more than 5000 years. Practitioners believe that the insertion of small thin needles into the skin at specific points of the body stimulates nerve pathways and rebalances and restores the energy flow present in the human body. Acupuncture has continued to gain popularity as a complementary treatment in the United States. Conditions that are treated are chronic pain, anxiety and stress.


The word chiropractic means “hands on”. It is a profession focused on the health and disorders of the nervous and muscle systems. Chiropractic physicians are trained, accredited and licensed. The approach consists of spinal manipulation, as well as hot and cold therapy and massage. It is currently the most popular form of alternative medicine choice for back pain. It is often employed as a complementary treatment for other types of pain and injury. Chiropractic care does not include the use of medications.

Popularity of Alternative Medicine on the Rise

As people ask medical questions, it is becoming more and more common for alternative medicine therapies to be one of the solutions considered. The increasing number of clinical studies performed on natural substances and other forms of alternative medicine have put a light on the benefits and relief to be gained. Always ask a doctor before beginning any form of treatment.

Acoustic Neuroma Prognosis – What acoustic prognosis means

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Acoustic Neuroma Prognosis

Acoustic Neuroma is a benign tumor in the brain that is not very common. This basically means that it is non-cancerous and occurs quite rarely. According to the studies that have been carried out, Acoustic Neuroma affects 20 people in every million population in any given year.

Acoustic Neuroma is more common in women than in men and is often detected among adults as compared to children. Adults who are between 40-60 are more likely to get Acoustic Neuroma. The tumor begins in the cover of the vestibulocochlear nerve; this nerve helps you to maintain posture balance and to hear.

A person who is seeking the prognosis of any kind of tumor wants to find out their chances of the tumor recurring or if it will get destroyed. When a patient gets the prognosis, he or she can be aware of the kind of a future to expect. It enables both the patient and the family members to live better with the disease and handle it in a more realistic way.

The following is how an Acoustic Prognosis is carried out:

  • An Acoustic Neuroma is a non-cancerous tumor which is slow growing that does not go beyond the original place where the tumor started. In some cases, the Acoustic Neuroma tumor may be too small and absolutely slow in growing such that there are no problems or symptoms visible.
  • An Acoustic Neuroma tumor is normally not life-threatening but in some instances the symptoms could be problematic and severe and these symptoms might cause disruption in a patient’s every day life. In some instances, a patient could lose his hearing ability which could make it impossible to communicate with other people while in others one could have vertigo which makes one to have difficulty in posture balancing or making any movements. This usually affects the day-to-day life of an individual and may even affect the life quality of a person who had been otherwise healthy.
  • Loss of hearing is a common symptom in Acoustic Neuroma. It is usually gentle but if treatment is not given in good time then it worsens. In cases where the loss of hearing takes place before treatment, it is permanent and irreversible even after the tumor has been removed. Hearing aids could be recommended by the doctor to take care of the hearing loss.
  • Rarely does the Acoustic Neuroma Tumor grow to be big enough to put pressure on the brain structures that are critical such as the cerebellum or the brain stem. In most cases, Acoustic Neuroma is mostly diagnosed and appropriate treatment given before it reaches the advanced stages. The tumor seldom recurs after treatment.
  • A serious and rare complication of the Acoustic Neuroma is Hydrocephalus. If the tumor is large then it puts pressure on the brain stem which connects to the spinal cord. This results in disruption of the cerebrospinal fluids flow between the spinal cord and the brain. If there is a blockage of the flow of the cerebrospinal fluids, it puts pressure in the brain compressing the delicate structures in the brain. If left untreated then it can cause brain damage, headaches and at times it can be fatal.

It is important to get treatment early though the Acoustic Neuroma tumor is benign. This is because if left untreated it continues to grow and can be lead to death.